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Industrial Cooling Systems

This BREF addresses the following industrial cooling systems or configurations:

• once-through cooling systems (with or without cooling towers)
• open recirculating cooling systems (wet cooling towers)
• closed circuit cooling systems air-cooled cooling systems
• closed circuit wet cooling systems
• combined wet/dry (hybrid) cooling systems
• open hybrid cooling towers.

Industrial Cooling Systems


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The mission of the JRC is to provide customer-driven scientific and technical support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of EU policies. As a service of the European Commission, the JRC functions as a reference centre of science and technology for the Union. Close to the policy-making process, it serves the common interest of the Member States, while being independent of special interests, whether private or national.