IPPC

The European IPPC Bureau

IPTS logoIpts
EUROPA > European Commission > EU Science Hub > EIPPCB

Industrial Cooling Systems

Industrial Cooling SystemsIndustrial Cooling SystemsIndustrial Cooling SystemsIndustrial Cooling Systems

 

This BREF addresses the following industrial cooling systems or configurations:

• once-through cooling systems (with or without cooling towers)
• open recirculating cooling systems (wet cooling towers)
• closed circuit cooling systems air-cooled cooling systems
• closed circuit wet cooling systems
• combined wet/dry (hybrid) cooling systems
• open hybrid cooling towers.

 

Due to the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2000 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Community institutions and bodies and on the free movement of such data, personal contact details of Technical Working Group members have been removed from this website.

As the science and knowledge service of the European Commission, the Joint Research Centre's mission is to support EU policies with independent evidence throughout the whole policy cycle.