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Reference documents

The table below presents, in alphabetical order, the list of reference documents that have been drawn (or are planned to be drawn) as part of the exchange of information carried out in the framework of Article 13(1) of the Industrial Emissions Directive (IED, 2010/75/EU). The table contains the Best Available Techniques (BAT) reference documents, the so-called BREFs (as well as a few other reference documents) that have been adopted under both the IPPC Directive (2008/1/EC) and the IED. For BREFs adopted under the IED, the table shows in the column "Adopted document" also the BAT conclusions adopted according to IED Article 13(5). The "BAT conclusions" is a document containing the parts of a BAT reference document laying down the conclusions on best available techniques. According to Article 14(3) of the IED, BAT conclusions shall be the reference for setting the permit conditions to installations covered by the Directive.

For each BREF in the table below, the following information can be found:

  • The latest reference document itself. In short, each document generally gives information on a specific industrial/agricultural sector in the EU, on the techniques and processes used in this sector, current emission and consumption levels, techniques to consider in the determination of the best available techniques (BAT) and emerging techniques.
  • The list of references (background material) quoted in the reference document.
  • Links to webpages containing relevant legislation/standards.
  • Additional technical information.
  • Translations of the Executive Summaries for BREFs adopted under the IPPC Directive.


Best Available Techniques Reference Document (BREFs)

Code Adopted/Published Document Formal draft
Meeting report Estimated
review start (**)
Ceramic Manufacturing Industry CER BREF (08.2007)      
Common Waste Water and Waste Gas Treatment/ Management Systems in the Chemical Sector CWW BREF (02.2003) FD (07.2014) MR (06.2008)  
Emissions from Storage EFS BREF (07.2006)      
Energy Efficiency ENE BREF (02.2009)      
Ferrous Metals Processing Industry FMP BREF (12.2001)     Review on hold
Food, Drink and Milk Industries FDM BREF (08.2006)   MR (10.2014)  
Industrial Cooling Systems ICS BREF (12.2001)      
Intensive Rearing of Poultry and Pigs IRPP BREF (07.2003) FD (08.2015) MR (06.2009)  
Iron and Steel Production IS BATC (03.2012)
Large Combustion Plants LCP BREF (07.2006) D1 (06.2013) MR (10.2011)  
Large Volume Inorganic Chemicals – Ammonia, Acids and Fertilisers LVIC-AAF BREF (08.2007)      
Large Volume Inorganic Chemicals – Solids and Others Industry LVIC-S BREF (08.2007)      
Large Volume Organic Chemical Industry LVOC BREF (02.2003) D1 (04.2014) MR (12.2010)  
Management of Tailings and Waste-rock in Mining Activities MTWR BREF (01.2009)***      
Manufacture of Glass GLS BATC (03.2012)
Manufacture of Organic Fine Chemicals OFC BREF (08.2006)      
Non-ferrous Metals Industries NFM BREF (12.2001) FD (10.2014) MR (09.2007)  
Production of Cement, Lime and Magnesium Oxide CLM BATC (04.2013)
Production of Chlor-alkali CAK BATC (12.2013)
Production of Polymers POL BREF (08.2007)      
Production of Pulp, Paper and Board PP BATC (09.2014) BREF      
Production of Speciality Inorganic Chemicals SIC BREF (08.2007)      
Refining of Mineral Oil and Gas REF BATC (10.2014) BREF      
Slaughterhouses and Animals By-products Industries SA BREF (05.2005)      
Smitheries and Foundries Industry SF BREF (05.2005)      
Surface Treatment Of Metals and Plastics STM BREF (08.2006)      
Surface Treatment Using Organic Solvents
(including Wood and Wood Products Preservation with Chemicals)
STS BREF (08.2007)     Review started
Tanning of Hides and Skins TAN BATC (02.2013)
Textiles Industry TXT BREF (07.2003)      
Waste Incineration WI BREF (08.2006)   MR (01.2015) Review started
Waste Treatment WT BREF (08.2006)   MR (11.2013)  
Wood-based Panels Production WBP - FD (07.2014) MR (11.2011)  

Reference Document (REFs)

Code Adopted Document Formal draft (*) Meeting report Estimated
review start
Economics and Cross-media Effects ECM REF (07.2006)      
Monitoring of emissions from IED-installations ROM REF (07.2003) FD (10.2013)    


(*) Formal draft of (B)REFs have no legal value. They only reflect work in progress and are available for information only to those interested in the exchange of information under Article 13(1) of the IED.

(**) For further indications, please consult the latest iteration in the EIPPCB work programme for the revision of BAT reference documents (BREF); the EIPPCB work programme updates can be found by following the works of the IED art. 13 forum.

(***) The BREF for Management of Tailings and Waste-Rock in Mining Activities (MTWR) was developed following the Communication from the European Commission COM(2000) 664 on the ‘Safe Operation of Mining Activities’ and is not as part of the information exchange under the IED/IPPC Directive. Information on the review of the MTWR BREF can be found at http://susproc.jrc.ec.europa.eu/activities/waste/index.html.

(****) The fully revised BREF including the adopted BAT conclusions published on the Official Journal is being prepared and will be made available on this webpage as soon as possible.


Status Blue
BREF or REF, indicates that a document has been published by the European Commission under the IED (post 2010). Under Adopted Document, both the BREF and the related BAT conclusions can be found.
Status Blue FD, indicates that the document has been sent to the IED Article 13 Forum for its opinion.
Status Blue D1/D2/D3, indicates the latest formal draft which is available.
Status Blue Indicates that work has started but a draft is not yet available.
Status Blue Indicates work is planned to commence in the year shown but has not yet started.
Status Blue BREF or REF, indicates that a document has been formally adopted by the European Commission under the IPPC Directive (2008/1/EC).
Status Blue Indicates that work has not yet started.


  • BREF or ‘BAT reference document’ means a document, resulting from the exchange of information organised pursuant to Article 13 of Directive 2010/75/EU, drawn up for defined activities and describing, in particular, applied techniques, present emissions and consumption levels, techniques considered for the determination of best available techniques as well as BAT conclusions and any emerging techniques, giving special consideration to the criteria listed in Annex III to Directive 2010/75/EU. A similar definition was applicable under the IPPC Directive (2008/1/EC). 
  • REF or ‘reference document’ or ‘reference report" means a document, which is not a BREF, used as the main reference for a specific horizontal task or topic in the Sevilla process.
  • BATC or ‘BAT conclusions'' means a document containing the parts of a BAT reference document laying down the conclusions on best available techniques, their description, information to assess their applicability, the emission levels associated with the best available techniques, associated monitoring, associated consumption levels and, where appropriate, relevant site remediation measures.
  • Under the Commission Decision of 12 December 2011 on the Re-use of Commission Documents (2011/833/EU), the BREF documents are subject to free re-use, except for parts covered by any third-party rights which may be present in the documents (such as images, tables, data, written material, or similar, the rights to which need to be acquired separately from their respective rights-holders for further use). The European Commission is not liable for any consequence stemming from the re-use of these documents. Any re-use is subject to the acknowledgement of the source and non-distortion of the original meaning or message.
  • Links to webpages containing translations of the BREFs into languages other than English are available here.

The mission of the JRC is to provide customer-driven scientific and technical support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of EU policies. As a service of the European Commission, the JRC functions as a reference centre of science and technology for the Union. Close to the policy-making process, it serves the common interest of the Member States, while being independent of special interests, whether private or national.