Who's who in the IED (Directive on industrial emissions - replacing also the IPPC Directive)

DG ENV or DG Environment(the Directorate General for Environment within the European Commission) is responsible for the implementation of the IED at EU-level. The Commission organises and coordinates the exchange of information through the involvement of the European IPPC Bureau (EIPPCB, see below) (within DG Joint Research Centre) and DG Environment.

The IED Art. 13 Forum (formerly known under IPPC as IEF - Information Exchange Forum) is the formal expert group established by Commission Decision (2011/C 146/03) based on the IED to generally oversee the information exchange process on BAT. The Forum is composed of representatives from Member States, industry and environmental non-governmental organisations. The Forum has a crucial role delivering opinion on the rolling work programme for the elaboration and review of BREFs and on the proposed content of the final draft BREFs. This last opinion has to be made publicly available by the Commission and has to be taken into account for the purposes of adopting decisions on the BAT conclusions through the IED Article 75 Committee.

The IED Art. 75 Committee is a body established by Article 75(1) of the IED, assisting the Commission in elaboration of implementing acts. The Committee is composed of the Member States and is chaired by the Commission. The Committee adopts decisions on BAT conclusions.

The IEEG (Industrial Emissions Experts Group, formerly known under IPPC as IEG - IPPC Expert Group) is an informal expert group to facilitate the exchange of experiences and good practises in the area on interpretation, transposition and implementation of the IED in the Member States and to advise the Commission in the preparation of delegated acts.The IEEG is composed of experts from EU Member States and EU acceding countries.

The European Member States are responsible for implementing the Directive at national level and for issuing operating permits to the installations concerned.

TWGs (Technical Working Groups): For the drawing up or reviewing of a BREF document, a TWG is set up (or reactivated) by the Commission. Each TWG consists of technical experts representing Member States, industries, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) promoting environmental protection and the Commission.

TWG members are nominated to participate in the information exchange primarily based on their technical, economic, environmental or regulatory expertise (especially in permitting or inspecting industrial installations) as well as on their ability to bring into the information exchange process the BREF end-user perspective.

The experts for each TWG are nominated by the representatives in the Forum. To this end, Forum members send the names and contact details of their TWG nominees to the EIPPCB. In order to enhance the efficiency of participation of the industrial sectors concerned in TWGs, their nomination may be coordinated by the European industrial associations.

The TWG draws up or reviews a BREF document recording the outcome of the exchange of information for a given sector. The TWG is the main source of information for the drawing up and reviewing of a BREF.

A TWG generally consists of between 100 to 200 experts. TWG members are either nominated by their Member State, by a European industrial association (Business Europe) or by the environmental NGO EEB. Nomination is the only way of becoming a member of a TWG.

The European IPPC Bureau (EIPPCB).

To know more about the EIPPCB Bureau, see About us.