BAT reference documents (BREFs) represent the outcome of the ‘Sevilla process’. The majority of BREFs cover specific agro-industrial activities; such BREFs are referred to as 'sectoral BREFs'. However, there are also a number of 'horizontal BREFs' dealing with cross-cutting issues such as energy efficiency, industrial cooling systems or emissions from storage with relevance for industrial manufacturing in general. A specific BREF was developed for the monitoring of emissions to air and water from installations under the Industrial Emissions Directive, which is referred to as the 'ROM'. The table below presents in alphabetical order a list of all BREFs drawn up to date.
The first BREFs were established under Directive 2008/1/EC that codified rules for permitting industrial installations, as laid out by the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive 96/61/EC. The IPPC Directive was later repealed by the Industrial Emissions Directive (IED) 2010/75/EU. For BREFs adopted under the IED, the table shows in the column "Adopted/Published document" also the BAT conclusions adopted by a committee procedure according to IED Article 13(5). The "BAT conclusions" is a document containing the parts of a BREF laying down the conclusions on best available techniques. According to Article 14(3) of the IED, BAT conclusions shall be the reference for setting emission limits and issuing operating permits for large agro-industrial installations covered under Annex I of the Industrial Emissions Directive.
BREFs are structured as follows:
- Preface and scope
- General information about the sector
- Applied processes and techniques
- Current emission and consumption levels
- Techniques to consider in the determination of BAT
- BAT conclusions
- Emerging techniques
- Concluding remarks and recommendations for future work
- Glossary of terms and abbreviations
- Annexes (depending on sector and availability of information)
Other reference documents
For reference documents that were not developed under the IPPC Directive/IED (i.e. Management of Waste from Extractive Industries Tailings (MWEI) as well as Hydro-Carbons exploration and extraction (HC)), please click here.