Ceramic Manufacturing Industry

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This BREF covers industrial installations for the manufacture of ceramic products by firing stoneware and porcelain.

This industrial sector encompasses a wide range of raw materials and manufacturing techniques, but all involve the selection of clays or other mainly inorganic materials which are processed, dried and fired. The major sectors which are based on the ceramic products manufactured are as follows:

• wall and floor tiles
• bricks and roof tiles
• table- and ornamentalware (household ceramics)
• refractory products
• sanitaryware
• technical ceramics
• vitrified clay pipes
• expanded clay aggregates
• inorganic bonded abrasives.