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Reference documents under the IPPC Directive and the IED

The table below presents, in alphabetical order, the list of reference documents that have been drawn (or are planned to be drawn) as part of the exchange of information carried out in the framework of Article 13(1) of the Industrial Emissions Directive (IED, 2010/75/EU). The table contains the Best Available Techniques (BAT) reference documents, the so-called BREFs (as well as a few other reference documents) that have been adopted under both the IPPC Directive (2008/1/EC) and the IED. For BREFs adopted under the IED, the table shows in the column "Adopted document" also the BAT conclusions adopted according to IED Article 13(5). The "BAT conclusions" is a document containing the parts of a BAT reference document laying down the conclusions on best available techniques. According to Article 14(3) of the IED, BAT conclusions shall be the reference for setting the permit conditions to installations covered by the Directive.

For each BREF in the table below, the following information can be found:

  • The latest reference document itself. In short, each document generally gives information on a specific industrial/agricultural sector in the EU, on the techniques and processes used in this sector, current emission and consumption levels, techniques to consider in the determination of the best available techniques (BAT) and emerging techniques.
  • The list of references (background material) quoted in the reference document.
  • Links to webpages containing relevant legislation/standards.
  • Additional technical information.
  • Translations of the Executive Summaries for BREFs adopted under the IPPC Directive.

For Reference documents developed under other legislative instruments/policy documents which are not a part of the information exchange under the IED/IPPC Directive (i.e. Management of Tailings and Waste-Rock in Mining Activities (MTWR), Hydrocarbons exploration and extraction (HC)), please click here.


Best available techniques Reference document (BREFs) developed under the IPPC Directive and the IED

Code Adopted/Published Document Formal draft
Meeting report Estimated
review start (**)
Ceramic Manufacturing Industry CER BREF (08.2007)     Review started
Common Waste Water and Waste Gas Treatment/ Management Systems in the Chemical Sector CWW BATC (06.2016)
Common Waste Gas Treatment in the Chemical Sector WGC   D1 (11.2019) MR (09.2017 and 03.2018)  
Emissions from Storage EFS BREF (07.2006)      
Energy Efficiency ENE BREF (02.2009)      
Ferrous Metals Processing Industry FMP BREF (12.2001) D1 (03.2019) MR (11.2016)  
Food, Drink and Milk Industries FDM BREF (08.2006) FD (10.2018) MR (10.2014)  
Industrial Cooling Systems ICS BREF (12.2001)      
Intensive Rearing of Poultry or Pigs IRPP BATC (02.2017)
Iron and Steel Production IS BATC (03.2012)
Large Combustion Plants LCP BATC (07.2017)
Large Volume Inorganic Chemicals – Ammonia, Acids and Fertilisers LVIC-AAF BREF (08.2007)     2020/2021
Large Volume Inorganic Chemicals – Solids and Others Industry LVIC-S BREF (08.2007)     2020/2021
Manufacture of Glass GLS BATC (03.2012)
Manufacture of Organic Fine Chemicals OFC BREF (08.2006)      
Non-ferrous Metals Industries NFM BATC (06.2016)
Production of Cement, Lime and Magnesium Oxide CLM BATC (04.2013)
Production of Chlor-alkali CAK BATC (12.2013)
Production of Large Volume Organic Chemicals LVOC BATC (12.2017)
Production of Polymers POL BREF (08.2007)      
Production of Pulp, Paper and Board PP BATC (09.2014) BREF      
Production of Speciality Inorganic Chemicals SIC BREF (08.2007)      
Refining of Mineral Oil and Gas REF BATC (10.2014) BREF      
Slaughterhouses and Animals By-products Industries SA BREF (05.2005)   MR (09.2019) Review started
Smitheries and Foundries Industry SF BREF (05.2005)     Review started
Surface Treatment Of Metals and Plastics STM BREF (08.2006)     2020/2021
Surface Treatment Using Organic Solvents
including Wood and Wood Products Preservation with Chemicals
STS BREF (08.2007) FD (07.2019) MR (11.2015)  
Tanning of Hides and Skins TAN BATC (02.2013)
Textiles Industry TXT BREF (07.2003)   MR (06.2018)  
Waste Incineration WI BREF (08.2006) FD (12.2018) MR (01.2015)  
Waste Treatment WT BATC (08.2018)
Wood-based Panels Production WBP BATC (11.2015)

Reference Document (REFs)

Code Adopted Document Formal draft (*) Meeting report Estimated
review start
Economics and Cross-media Effects ECM REF (07.2006)      
Monitoring of Emissions to Air and Water from IED Installations ROM REF (07.2018)      

(*) Formal draft of (B)REFs have no legal value. They only reflect work in progress and are available for information only to those interested in the exchange of information under Article 13(1) of the IED.

(**) For further indications, please consult the latest iteration in the EIPPCB work programme for the revision of BAT reference documents (BREF); the EIPPCB work programme updates can be found by following the works of the IED art. 13 forum.

Status Blue
BREF or REF, indicates that a document has been published by the European Commission under the IED (post 2010). Under Adopted Document, both the BREF and the related BAT conclusions can be found.
Status Blue FD, indicates that the document has been sent to the IED Article 13 Forum for its opinion.
Status Blue D1/D2/D3, indicates the latest formal draft which is available.
Status Blue Indicates that work has started but a draft is not yet available.
Status Blue Indicates work is planned to commence in the year shown but has not yet started.
Status Blue BREF or REF, indicates that a document has been formally adopted by the European Commission under the IPPC Directive (2008/1/EC).
Status Blue Indicates that work has not yet started.
  • BREF or ‘BAT reference document’ means a document, resulting from the exchange of information organised pursuant to Article 13 of Directive 2010/75/EU, drawn up for defined activities and describing, in particular, applied techniques, present emissions and consumption levels, techniques considered for the determination of best available techniques as well as BAT conclusions and any emerging techniques, giving special consideration to the criteria listed in Annex III to Directive 2010/75/EU. A similar definition was applicable under the IPPC Directive (2008/1/EC).
  • REF or ‘reference document’ or ‘reference report" means a document, which is not a BREF, used as the main reference for a specific horizontal task or topic in the Sevilla process.
  • BATC or ‘BAT conclusions'' means a document containing the parts of a BAT reference document laying down the conclusions on best available techniques, their description, information to assess their applicability, the emission levels associated with the best available techniques, associated monitoring, associated consumption levels and, where appropriate, relevant site remediation measures.
  • Under the Commission Decision of 12 December 2011 on the Re-use of Commission Documents (2011/833/EU), the BREF documents are subject to free re-use, except for parts covered by any third-party rights which may be present in the documents (such as images, tables, data, written material, or similar, the rights to which need to be acquired separately from their respective rights-holders for further use). The European Commission is not liable for any consequence stemming from the re-use of these documents. Any re-use is subject to the acknowledgement of the source and non-distortion of the original meaning or message.
  • Links to webpages containing translations of the BREFs into languages other than English are available here.

Reference documents under other legislative instruments/policy documents

Best available techniques REFerence documents (BREFs) developed under other legislative instruments/policy documents
Code Remarks

This document, Best Available Techniques Reference Document for the Management of Waste from Extractive Industries, in accordance with Directive 2006/21/EC, abbreviated as MWEI BREF, is a review of the Reference Document for Management of Tailings and Waste-Rock in Mining Activities (MTWR BREF). It has been published by the European Commission pursuant Article 21(3) of Directive 2006/21/EC on the management of waste from extractive industries.

Link to the published BREF (12.2018)

Information on the completed review process of the MTWR BREF can be found at http://susproc.jrc.ec.europa.eu/activities/waste/index.html


The BREF for Hydrocarbons exploration and extraction was developed following the Communications from the European Commission on European energy security strategy (COM(2014) 330 final) and on the exploration and production of Hydrocarbons (such as shale gas) using high volume hydraulic fracturing in the EU (COM(2014) 23 final/2). The HC BREF is not a part of the information exchange under the IED/IPPC Directive.

Link to the published BREF (02/2019)

Information on the drawing up of the HC BREF can be found here and at http://ec.europa.eu/environment/integration/energy/hc_bref_en.htm



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